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1 edition of The characteristics of reduced-density channels in NH3-N2 gas mixtures found in the catalog.

The characteristics of reduced-density channels in NH3-N2 gas mixtures

William A. Goodwin

The characteristics of reduced-density channels in NH3-N2 gas mixtures

by William A. Goodwin

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  • 17 Currently reading

Published by Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Physics

  • About the Edition

    A CO2 laser was used to generate reduced-density channels in various gas mixtures of ammonia and nitrogen. Interferometers were used to record the changing density resulting from the NH3 absorption of the CO2 laser radiation. One method used to determine the characteristics of the channel was based on the assumption that the resulting density profile was Gaussian shaped. The second method used the Abel Integral Transformation, requiring no pre-conditions on the density profile expect that it was cylindrically symmetric. While used extensively in plasma spectroscopy, this technique is not generally well known for analyzing interferometric data. The results show that for a fixed laser energy long, shallow reduced density channels were formed in gas mixtures of low ammonia concentration and short, deep channels were formed in gas mixtures high ammonia concentration. These results qualitatively agree with an earlier experiment in which gas mixtures of nitrogen and sulfur-hexafluoride were used. Both experiments support the concept of reduced-density channel formation and lay the foundation for future studies of relativistic electron beam propagation for application in the Strategic Defense Initiative. Keywords: Reduced density channel; Fringe data; Interferogram; Zero Fringe Line; Reference mark; Channel depth; Channel width; Carbon dioxide laser; Theses. (MGM)

    Edition Notes

    StatementWilliam A. Goodwin
    ContributionsNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 86 p. :
    Number of Pages86
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25499044M
    OCLC/WorldCa78011303

    The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of zeolite acidic characteristics and channel systems on the synthesis of PODE n from DMM and TOM, as well as to further evaluate the synergistic effect between these two factors. SAPO, SUZ-4, ZSM-5, MOR, USY, and beta zeolites were selected as catalysts, on the basis of similar Si/Al ratios and different framework types. The volume of an ideal gas mixture (V) is equal to the sum of the component volumes (V j’s) of each individual component in the gas mixture at the same temperature (T) and total pressure (P) of the mixture. For example, + = PV n RT AA= PV n RT BB= PV nRT= A .

      No, I did not say that. I agreed that my example with additive volumes does not apply for gases. Sorry for not being clear enough. If you have two gases in a container, each one occupies the volume of the container. They have the same volume and this is equal to the volume of the mixture too. Their pressures are additive (see partial pressures). Gas chromatography Introduction: Gas chromatography separates a mixture into its constituents by passing a moving gas phase over a stationary phase. Gas chromatography was invented by who with, suggested the replacement of liquid by gas mobile phase.

    2 Expert Answer(s) - - The density of the mixture of O2 and N2 at STP is g/l. Calculate Partial pressure of O Answer this question and win exciting prizes.   Example Determining the Molecular Formula of a Gas from its Molar Mass and Empirical Formula Cyclopropane, a gas once used with oxygen as a general anesthetic, is composed of % carbon and % hydrogen by mass. Find the empirical formula. If g of cyclopropane occupies a volume of L at atm and 50 °C, what is the molecular formula for cyclopropane?


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The characteristics of reduced-density channels in NH3-N2 gas mixtures by William A. Goodwin Download PDF EPUB FB2

It-tableofcontents i. introduction 1 ii. descriptionofthereduced-densitychannelexperiment3 ent 3 erometers 4 erograms 4 yofexperiment 6 duction 7 raphicenlargement 7 zingpreparations 8 zation.

9 data 10 y 12 ananalysis 13 13 1. square-channel 13 2. non-uniformchannel 16 b. The characteristics of reduced-density channels in NH3-N2 gas mixtures. One method used to determine the characteristics of the channel was based on the assumption that the resulting density profile was Gaussian shaped.

The second method used the Abel Integral Transformation, requiring no pre-conditions on the density profile expect that Author: William A.

Goodwin. Since we intend to develop this device for detection of the Ammonia, the main characteristics of this device in presence of NH3/N2 mixture are examined. In the first step, the variation of the net force for the various mixtures of NH3/N2 are plotted in Fig.

The results clearly indicate that this device is sensitive to the component of gas Cited by: 8. Thus from the measured density of the gaseous mixture, we should be able to tell the composition of the gas. The first term on the right side of the equation (R*T*d/P) is sometimes called the average molecular weight of the gas.

Example 1: The density of a gaseous mixture of Ar and Kr was g/L at K and atm. What was the mole. The Characteristics of Reduced-Density Channels in NH3-N2 Gas Mixtures density channels in various gas mixtures of ammonia and nitrogen.

the characteristics of the channel. We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our The characteristics of reduced-density channels in NH3-N2 gas mixtures book.

and produce nonvolatile liquid product R. The steps involved in the reaction process are depicted in Fig. The gas component A diffuses through the gas film to the gas–liquid interface, accompanied by a concentration decrease from C AG to C AG *.At the interface, the concentration of A on the gas side, C AG *, is in equilibrium with that on the liquid side, C AL *.

T = absolute temperature in the mixture (o K, o R) The Mass of a Gas Mixture. The mass of a gas mixture can be expressed as: m m = m 1 + m 2 +. + m n (2) where. m 1 + m 2 +. + m n = the mass of each gas component in the mixture. The Individual Gas Constant of a Gas Mixture. The individual gas constant of a gas mixture can be calculated as.

The idea of considering mixture components as ideal gases happens to be a good appro­ximation for quite a number of gas mixtures at low pressures. Of such gas mixtures, air is of the greatest practical importance.

The basic law determining the behavior of a gas mixture is Dalton's law: Each individual gas behaves in a gas mixture as though it. Air - Molecular Weight and Composition - Dry air is a mixture of gases where the average molecular weight (or molar mass) can be calculated by adding the weight of each component Benzene Gas - Specific Heat - Specific heat of Benzene Gas - C6H6 - at temperatures ranging - K.

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS ENERGY CARRIERS AND CONVERSION SYSTEMS – Vol. I - Hydrogen and Natural Gas Mixture - Itsuki Uehara ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Minimum self ignition temperatured) (K) Adiabatic.

R – universal gas constant ( Joule) T – temperature of the gas in K. Solved Numerical Example 1. Determine the density of a gas at 40 0 c at a pressure of 5atm and having a molar mass of g/mol.

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All mixtures are filled to psig at 70° F unless otherwise noted in the. The Density of Gases, Gas Mixtures, and Partial Pressures (Dalton's Law) Gas Mixtures and Partial Pressures (Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures) What is a Gas.

Definition Gas is one of the states of matter. It is composed of different types of individual atoms, elemental. Gas compositions are generally reported in terms ofmole fractions since the mole fraction does not vary with temperature or pressure as does the concentration (moles/ unit volume).

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N Trade Winds Parkway Columbia, MO A gas mixture contains CO, Ar, and H2. Whats is the total pressure of the mixture, if the mole fraction of H2 is and the pressure of H2 is atm. NH3. Mixtures laws The prediction of the P-v-T behavior of gas mixtures is usually based on two models: 1- Dalton’s law of additive pressures: The pressure of a gas mixture is equal to the sum of the pressures each gas would exert if it existed alone at the mixture temperature and volume component pressure Note: that equ exact for ideal gases.

USA Home > Product Directory > Analytical/Chromatography > Analytical Standards > Additional Standards > Gas Calibration Standards > Mixtures Mixtures. Product # Description.

Add to Cart. C 2-C 4 Alkynes 15 ppm each component in nitrogen, aerosol can of 4. Transport Properties of operational gas mixtures used at LHC * Suez Canal University, Suez, Egypt and CERN CH Geneve, Switzerland Abstract This report summarizes some useful data on the transport characteristics of gas mixtures which are required for detection of charged particles in gas detectors.

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Different gas mixtures are used to improve the characteristic of many beverages from wine to beer and soft.A gas in a vessel is under pressure of $\pu{KPa}$.

The design temperature of the tank is $\pu{K}$. The gas consists of (by volume) $20\%$ of $\ce{CH4}$ and $80\%~\ce{N2}$. Estimate the density ($\pu{kg/m^3}$) of the gas. I can't just use the ideal gas law to find out the density of the mixture as there is 2 components, right?5.

Mixture critical temperature and pressure 9 6. Solid - Liquid Phase Diagram of the {NH3 + H2O} Mixture 10 7. Specific thermal capacity of saturated liquid mixtures at constant pressure 11 8.

Thermal conductivity of liquid mixtures 13 9. Dynamic viscosity of liquid mixtures 18 Surface tension of the mixtures 22 Liquid mixture density.